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Market volatility has been extraordinarily high over the last several months. That caused investors to be jittery and worried about their investment portfolios. Fortunately, as we have entered the new year, markets have rallied strongly from the lows and lowered investor concerns.
The late 2018 stock market pullback illustrates that in the heat of the moment investors may lose sight of the long-term view. Understanding long-term trends and performance helps investors to not forget the potential rewards if patient.
Often people focus solely upon US markets, typically the S&P 500 Index. Another perspective is the global equity markets. International “Developed” (such as Europe and Japan) and “Emerging” (such as China and South Korea) equity markets are an important piece of achieving diversification. Academic and private sector research show this diversification helps to push the efficient frontier to a more optimal risk-return outcome.
The index that is representative of an all equity global portfolio is the Morgan Stanley Capital International All-Country World Index (MSCI ACWI). Yes, that’s a mouth-full so let’s call it the “ACWI”. It contains the stocks of companies domiciled and traded in the US market, International Developed, and Emerging market countries, as shown in the below chart.
The following graph shows the ACWI total return (performance) starting in 1990, the first full year after its inception date, to the current period of January of 2019. There are two lines; the blue line represents the actual day-to-day price movement of this global equity index, showing the typical volatility associated with equities. The red line connects the beginning and ending values to show the annualized rate of return from the beginning to the end of this equity curve, as well as the long-term trend. The compounded growth rate calculated when connecting the beginning to the end is 7.84% per year. Yes, we all would like to see that trend line (red) replicated in our actual investment portfolios. That’s not how markets (mis)behave! For instance, looking at the end of the blue line one can see the dramatic volatility experienced in Q4 of last year. Over the long-term, however, we all can see the benefit of patience.
Many investors will look at this chart and ask why the extreme peaks and valleys? One reason has to do with valuations, whether stocks were priced expensive or cheap at any particular moment.
The recent volatility has converted a market that was by historical standards expensively priced into a market that is historically cheap. You can see on the far-right side of the above chart how the blue line (price) dropped below the long-term trend line (red line). This red trend line presents an interesting measure; when the blue price line is above it stocks could be expensive and when below it could be cheap.
There is another measure of expensive or cheap and that is price-to-earnings ratio (P/E). The 2018 Q4 downside volatility helped to create an historically cheap market. In the following graph we can see that the ACWI ended 2018 at a 14 P/E, a level visited only one other time in the last 25 years.
The global portfolio (ACWI) produces solid growth in the long view. It is reasonably priced at current levels from a long-term historical context. While volatility will always gain investors’ attention in the short-term, it’s important not to lose sight of the long-term earning potential, as well as the intrinsic value, of the global portfolio. The global equity market, as measured by the ACWI, is currently cheap for long-term investors.